Types of Disabilities in India -
The number of recognized disability conditions has been increased from 7 to 21 in the RPWD (Right to Person with Disability Act) Act 2016.
Following are the disability conditions included in the RPWD Act 2016:
Hearing Impairment (deaf and hard of hearing)
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chronic Neurological conditions
Specific Learning Disabilities
Speech and Language disability
Sickle Cell disease
Multiple Disabilities including deaf-blindness
Acid Attack victim
Acts in the field of Disability in India-
1. RCI Act ( Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992) - it is an Act to provide for the constitution of the Rehabilitation Council of India for regulating the training of rehabilitation professionals and the maintenance of a Central Rehabilitation Register.
NTA Act (National Trust Act, 1999) - It is an act to provide for the constitution of a body at the National level for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.
PWD Act ( Person With Disabilities Act, 1995)- The Government of India passed the Person with Disabilities Act in 1995. This law states that persons with disabilities have equal rights, and that the government should make their full participation in society. The government has to provide free education and integrate children with disabilities into mainstream school.
RPWD Act (Right to Person with Disability Act, 2016)- The RPWD Act, 2016 provides that, The appropriate Government shall ensure that the PWD enjoy the right to equality, life with dignity, and respect for his or her own integrity equally with others.The Government is to take steps to utilize the capacity of the PWD by providing appropriate environment.